IELTS Writing

IELTS Writing | Learn how to score above 7 with DEED Website

In this article, we have a general glance at IELTS Writing. There are two parts to the Writing Section in IELTS: Task 1 and Task 2. For those who take the IELTS General Traning Test, Task 1 differs from the task 1 of those who take IELTS Academic Traning Test. Task 1 of the IELTS General Traning Test involves letter writing, while task 1 of IELTS Academic Training demands you to analyze either a map, a process (natural or man-made) or some charts or graphs.

Note: There is no difference in IELTS Writing task 2 in both General and Academic Traning. You will be given an essay and you have to write at least 250 words.


Duration and the number of words in the IELTS Writing Test

You will be given 60 minutes to complete both tasks both in IELTS Academic and IELTS General. 20 minutes is specified for task 1, 40 minutes for task 2.

Either it is academic or general IELTS, you must write at least 150 words in the task of IELTS Writing, while in task 2, you have to write a minimum of 250 words.

Letter Writing

There are three types of letters in IELTS General Training, writing task 1:

Formal: to write to someone who is not a friend nor an acquaintance, someone you do not know

Semi-formal: someone you know, but you are not so intimate with IELTS Writing

Informal: Someone you know well, and you can call him by his/her first name

Map in IELTS Writing Task 1, Academic Traning

In task 1 of the IELTS, you might come across a map or some maps, and you have to be ready to describe the changes in these maps. This task assesses your ability to describe both general and specific changes using passive structure and vocabulary related to location.

You will analyze and describe:

– changes in one map which is in the present day

– or changes or transformations in two maps, one of which is in the present and the other one in the future

– or two maps, one of which shows the present status of a place and the other one shows the future one IELTS Writing

I am not sure you will face the first type as it prevents you from making any comparisons; however, the other two types may come up and you will need to use the present and future tenses. If you aim to score higher in the grammar part, go for present and future perfect.

As you see in the example of the map above, some remarkable changes have been made to the area since 1995. You need to report all these changes without including your perspective. Only report the main changes.

Charts, graph or Table in IELTS Writing Task 1, Academic Traning Test

Like the map task, when it comes to graphs, charts or tables, you just have to report the data, percentages or numbers or changes that you see in infographics. You must NOT use the words ‘I’ or ‘We’; keep this in mind that this task requires no personal analysis, opinion or prediction from you. Just report the general and specific changes or factual information. IELTS Writing

Below are some of the examples of the charts, graphs, and tables you can study to familiarize yourself with:

An example of a table in IELTS writing task 1. academic

An example of a table in IELTS writing task 1. academic


Line Chart, Bar chart, Pie Chart

My advice to you when you encounter charts, graphs or tables is: DO NOT PANIC. To start with, you need to read as many writing samples as you can and get your eyes accustomed to seeing and detecting or picking details and making relevant and neat comparisons. The more you read samples, the more you find out about the differences between the two graphs or charts and as a result, you will write a perfect report that does not confuse the examiner. IELTS Writing

Having a list of vocabulary can also be of great help; by reading and memorizing some lists we have provided for you, you will stop using simple words, and you will flesh out your text with more exact and special words that guarantee a high score. Below are some vocabulary lists we have prepared for you:

ielts writing vocabulary


When it comes to describing a process, it is either a man-made process, like the process of producing jam in a factory or cooking special food. etc. or a natural process, like the water cycle or the life cycle of the silkworm. Describing a process is not very difficult, reading some samples and being able to use passive structure will be enough for you to get a satisfying score. IELTS Writing

Ielts writing process

IELTS Writing Task 2, Essay Writing

It is of great importance to know how to structure the essay you aim to write. it is a bitter fact that it is too difficult to score above 6.5 in IELTS Writing task 2, but if you know the type of the questions, practice the format that leads to a high score and also tries googling and reading about a variety of academic topics, you will surely score above 6.5

IELTS Writing Task 2, Essay Writing

IELTS Writing Task 2, Essay Writing - 2


There are diverse topics in IELTS Writing task 2 such as art, business, and money, crime, and punishment, food, traffic and transportation, space exploration, etc.

We suggest you read a variety of essays on google about environmental issues such as global warming, deforestation, waste disposal, or about some social issues; and modern and postmodern world phenomena such as globalization, the media, especially the influence of social networking websites and apps on our lives; cybercrime, cyber safety, consumerism, etc. IELTS Writing


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